Seminar Leaders: S. Thomson and T. Toneatto
This class addresses the significance of empirical research for psychoanalysis and psychoanalytic psychotherapy—how crucial is it to its future, and what are its limits- at a time when there is growing public interest in the scientific evidence for psychotherapy. Contrary to a common misconception that there is little empirical evidence for psychoanalytic psychotherapies, we will survey the strong evidence supporting psychoanalytic psychotherapy and psychoanalysis. In addition, a brief introduction to the variables associated with outcomes of psychoanalytic psychotherapy will be presented highlighting some of the more reliable findings about the treatment process.
- To discuss the importance of empirical research in psychoanalysis (5.1)
- To describe the results of important outcome studies in psychodynamic psychotherapy and psychoanalysis (5.1)
- To survey relevant psychoanalytic and psychodynamic process studies (5.1)
The Empirical Evidence for Psychoanalysis
BMJ debate: Fonagy & Lemma ( 2012). Does psychoanalysis have a valuable place in modern mental health services? Yes. British Medical Journal, 344, 1211.
Shedler, J. (2010). The efficacy of psychodynamic psychotherapy. American Psychologist, 65(2), 98-109.
De Maat et al (2009). The effectiveness of long-term psychoanalytic therapy: A systematic review of empirical studies. Harvard Review of Psychiatry 17(1), 1 -23.
YouTube video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IQBx5TONHac
Psychodynamic Process Research: Explaining Therapeutic Change
Barber, J.P., Muran, J.C., McCarthy, K.S., & Keefe, J.R. (2013). Research on dynamic therapies. In M.J. Lambert (Ed.) Bergin and Garfield’s Handbook of Psychotherapy and Behavior Change (6th ed.) (pp.473-480). New York, NY: John Wiley & Sons.
Ablon, Levy & Katzenstein (2006). Beyond brand names of psychotherapy: Identifying empirically supported change processes. Psychotherapy, Research, Practice, Training, 43(2), 216- 231.
Fonagy ( 2010). The changing shape of clinical practice: Driven by science or bypragmatics? Psychoanalytic Psychotherapy 24(1), 22-43.
Leichsenring & Rabung. (2011). Long-term psychodynamic psychotherapy in complex mental disorders: Update of a meta-analysis. British Journal of Psychiatry, 199, 15-22.
Leuzinger-Bohleber, M, & Kachele, H. (2015). An Open Door Review of Outcomes and Process Studies in Psychoanalysis. Third Edition: London (publisher unknown).
Westen, D., Novtny, C.M. & Thompson-Brenner, H. (2004). The empirical status of empirically supported psychotherapies: Assumptions, findings, and reporting on controlled clinical trials. Psychological Bulletin 130(4), 631-663.