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309 Comparative Transference and Counter-transference – 6 seminars

Seminar Leaders: D. Carveth PhD RP, S. Moore PhD RP

Course Description

This course will explore different psychoanalytic views on the nature and uses of the transference and countertransference. We will look at classical, object relations and Kleinian views on the nature of transference and countertransference, comparing and contrasting their theoretical views on the dynamics of these central psychoanalytic phenomena, on the uses to which they can be put in therapy.

Course Objectives

  1. (1.2a) Integrate the theory or theories upon which the therapist’s practice is based. Survey, study the evolution of, and integrate the clinically important concepts of transference and countertransference across various psychodynamic perspectives (Freudian, Kleinian, Winnicottian, Kohutian, etc.).
  2. (1.3c) Integrate knowledge of psychopathology. Survey the range of differing types of transference presented by patients suffering from different types and levels of psychopathology.
  3. (1.2a) Integrate the theory or theories upon which the therapist’s practice is based and (1.4a) Integrate knowledge of the impact of the therapist’s self on the therapeutic process. Study the continuum of countertransferences ranging from the more subjective (arising from the therapist’s unresolved issues) to the more objective or induced (arising from the patient’s projections and inductions).
  4. (4.3) Ensure safe and effective use of self in the therapeutic relationship. Promote the therapist’s safe and effective use of self through enhanced awareness of unconscious processes in both the patient and the analyst, and thus facilitate alertness to when countertransference reactions may signify the need for consultation, supervision or further therapy on the part of the therapist.

Seminar 1

Required Readings

Freud, S. (1912). The dynamics of transference. The Standard Edition of the Complete Psychological Works of Sigmund Freud, Vol. 12.

Freud, S. (1915). Observations on transference-love. The Standard Edition of the Complete Psychological Works of Sigmund Freud, Vol. 12.

Recommended:

Person, E.S. (1985). The erotic transference in women and men: Differences and consequences. Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association, 13(2), 59-80.

Seminar 2

Required Readings

Klein, M. (1952). The origins of transference. International Journal of Psycho-Analysis, 33, 433-438.

Strachey, J. (1934). The nature of the therapeutic action of psychoanalysis. International Journal of Psycho-Analysis, 15,127-159.

Recommended:

Joseph, B. (1985). Transference: The total situation. International Journal of Psycho-Analysis, 66, 447-54. Reprinted in Feldman, M. & E. Bott Spillius (Eds.), Psychic Equilibrium and Psychic Change: Selected Papers of Betty Joseph (chapter 11, pp.156-157). London & New York: Routledge,

Seminar 3

Required Readings

Greenson, R. (1965). The working alliance and the transference neurosis. Psychoanalytic Quarterly, 34, 155-181.

Kohut, H (1968). The psychoanalytic treatment of narcissistic personality disorders – outline of a systematic approach. Psychoanalytic Study of the Child, 23, 86-113.

Recommended:

Bird, B. (1972). Notes on transference: universal phenomenon and hardest part of analysis. Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association, 20, 267-301.

Seminar 4

Required Readings

Racker, H. (1957). The meaning and uses of countertransference. Psychoanalytic Quarterly, 41: 487-506.

Sandler, J. (1976). Countertransference and role responsiveness. International Review of Psychoanalysis, 3, 43-47.

Recommended:

Tarnopolsky, A. (1995). Understanding countertransference. Psychoanalytic Psychotherapy, 9, 185-194.

Carveth, D. (2012). Concordant and complementary countertransference: A clarification. Canadian Journal of Psychoanalysis, 20(1), 70-84.

Seminar 5

Required Readings

Winnicott, D.W. (1947). Hate in the countertransference. International Journal of Psychoanalysis, 30, 69-74.

Searles, H.F. (1959). Oedipal love in the countertransference. In Collected Papers on Schizophrenia and Related Subjects (pp. 284-303). New York, NY: International Universities Press.

Recommended:

Kernberg, O.F. (1994). Love in the analytic setting. Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association, 42, 1137-1157.

Gabbard, G.O. (1991). Technical approaches to transference hate in the analysis of borderline patients. International Journal of Psychoanalysis, 72, 625-637.

Seminar 6

Required Readings

Faimberg, H. (1992). The countertransference position and the countertransference. International Journal of Psychoanalysis, 73, 541-546.

Ogden, T.H. (1995). Analysing forms of aliveness and deadness of the transference-countertransference. International Journal of Psychoanalysis, 76, 695-709.

Recommended:

Epstein, L. (1977). The therapeutic function of hate in the countertransference. In Epstein & Feiner (Eds.), Countertransference (chapter 10, pp. 213-234).

Kernberg, O. et al. (1989). Varieties of countertransference. In Psychodynamic Psychotherapy of Borderline Patients (chapter 5, pp. 69-88). New York, NY: Basic Books.

Supplementary Readings

Adler, G. & M.W. Rhine (1988). The selfobject function of projective identification. The Bulletin of The Menninger Clinic, 52, 473-491.

Brenner, C. (1979). Working alliance, therapeutic alliance, and transference. Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association, 27(S), 137-157.

Epstein, L. & Feiner, A.H. (1979). Countertransference: The therapist’s contribution to treatment – an overview. Contemporary Psychoanalysis, 15, 489-513.

Epstein, L. (1979). Chapter 16: Countertransference with borderline patients. In Epstein & Feiner (Eds.), Countertransference (pp. 375-406). New York, NY: Jason Aronson.

Epstein, L. & A. Feiner (Eds.) (1979). Countertransference: The Therapist’s Contribution to the Therapeutic Situation. New York, NY: Jason Aronson (1993).

Etchegoyen, H. (2005). The Fundamentals of Psychoanalytic Technique. London: Karnac.

Fairbairn, W.R.D. (1958). On the nature and aims of psycho-analytical treatment. International Journal of Psychoanalysis, 39, 374-85.

Freud, A. (1936). Transference. In The Ego and the Mechanisms of Defense (pp. 18-27). London: Karnac.

Gabbard, G. (1994). On love and lust in erotic transference. Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association, 42(2), 385-403.

Gill, M. (1979). The analysis of transference. Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association, 27(S), 263-88.  Reprinted in Esman, A.H. (Ed.), Essential Papers on Transference (pp. 362-381).

Graham, I. (1998). The sibling object and its transferences: Alternate organizer of the middle field. Psychoanalytic Inquiry, 8, 88-107.

Grinberg, L. (1979). Chapter 8: Countertransference and projective counteridentification. In Epstein & Feiner (Eds.), Countertransference (pp. 169-191).

Heimann, P. (1950). On countertransference. International Journal of Psychoanalysis, 31, 449-456.

Joseph, B. (1984). Chapter 12: Projective identification: some clinical aspects.  In Psychic Equilibrium and Psychic Change: Selected Papers of Betty Joseph (pp.168-179). London and New York, NY: Routledge (1989).  Available on PEP Web under “Books”.

Stolorow, R. & Atwood, G. (1996). The Intersubjective perspective. Psychoanalytic Review 83,181‐194. http://icpla.edu/wp-content/uploads/2012/10/Stolorow-Atwood-The-Intersubjective-Perspective-Psychoa.-Review-1996.pdf

Tarnopolsky, A. (1995). Teaching countertransference. Canadian Journal of Psychoanalysis / Revue Canadienne de Psychanalyse 3(2), 293-313.

Wolf, E.S. (1979). Chapter 18: Countertransference in disorders of the self. In Epstein & Feiner (Eds.), Countertransference (pp. 445-464).

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