Skip to content
Member Login

SCIENTIFIC MEETING – Seven Types of Truth and Their Clinical Significance

SCIENTIFIC MEETING - Seven Types of Truth and Their Clinical Significance

Speaker: Salman Akhtar, MD, Professor of Psychiatry, Jefferson Medical College Training & Supervising Analyst, Psychoanalytic Center of Philadelphia

Saturday, February 24, 2024: 10:00 am – 12:00 pm

Fee: $50

TPS Scientific Meeting: Open to All

** Hybrid Meeting: Offered via Zoom or in person. In person registration is limited to 50 participants.

In person location: Toronto Psychoanalytic Society – 40 St. Clair Avenue East, Suite 203 – Toronto, ON M4T 1M9

Registration deadline: February 14, 2024
Preregistration is required.

The psychoanalytic enterprise, at least in its clinical praxis, rests upon full self-disclosure on the patient’s part and the ethics of separateness, integrity, and benevolent curiosity on the analyst’s part. Honesty and its progenitor, truth, undergird this pact. It is therefore imperative for the analyst to be knowledgeable about what truth is and what heuristic conundrums surround this concept. In the spirit of post-modern relativism but without utter disloyalty to objectivity, this presentation shall highlight seven types of truth and attempt to demonstrate their clinical significance. These include (1) Physical truth, (2) Historical truth, (3) Narrative truth, (4) Poetic truth, (5) Manufactured truth, (6) Judicial truth, and (7) Existential truth. Clinical vignettes will be provided to underscore the technical importance of these proposals.

Learning Objectives:

At the end of this presentation participants will be able to:

  1. Enumerate seven types of truth
  2. Observe their impact upon the process of psychotherapy and psychoanalysis
  3. Distinguish between the clinically important historical and narrative truths
  4. Utilize the resulting enhancement of empathy for therapeutic purposes.
Register Now
Salman Akhtar, MD

Salman Akhtar, MD, is an internationally known psychiatrist, psychoanalyst, writer, and poet based in the United States. He has published 108 authored or edited books and given lectures and workshops in over 40 countries. Dr.Akhtar has served on the editorial boards of the three most important journals of our field, namely JAPA, IJP, and PQ. His books have been translated in many languages and he has received numerous professional honors, including the highly prestigious Sigourney Award for Distinguished Contributions to Psychoanalysis. Recently a 10-volume set of his Selected Papers was released at a festive ceremony at the Freud House & Museum in London. Dr. Akhtar has published 18 collections of poetry and serves as a Scholar-in-Residence at the InterAct Theater Company in Philadelphia.

This event is eligible for Section 1 CME credits (0.5 credits/hour). This event is an accredited group learning activity (section 1) as defined by the Maintenance of Certificate Program of the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada, approved by the Canadian Psychiatric Association (CPA). The specific opinions and content of this event are not necessarily those of the CPA, and are the responsibility of the organizer(s) alone. As per the Royal College standard, each presentation provides a minimum of 25% interactive learning.

Refunds must be requested in writing two weeks prior to the beginning of a course. A handling fee of $30 will be retained. After these two weeks, fees cannot be returned.

For more information about and for registration in the tps&i Extension Programs, Scientific Meetings, Training Programs, Study and Supervision groups and Special Presentations, please visit our website: or email

Back To Top