Presenter: Rafael E. López-Corvo
Wednesday, June 17, 2020: 7:30 pm – 9:30 pm
TPS Scientific Meeting: Open to all.
All forms of psychopathology are traumatic, a concept Freud was working on, shortly before his death in his article on “Moses and Monotheism”. I refer to this early trauma as ‘pre-conceptual trauma’, which I believe is ubiquitous and represents the main structure that feeds ‘compulsive repetition’. It was in 1914 and later in 1920, when Freud described this type of repetition, as a mechanism that was ‘beyond the pleasure principle’, once he realized, that pleasure, or satisfaction of a drive, was not only what was repeated, but the ‘pathological’ also in the form of transference. However, not being able to brake away from the ‘instinct theory’, Freud concluded that repetition compulsion, was the expression of the death instinct’s need to always return to the inanimate. However, in 1939, shortly before he died, he also attempted to link it to early traumas. Many others had also tried to provide a meaning to the specific mechanism that rules such “demonic” force to compulsively repeat. Among them: Shilder (1938), Hartman (1939), Hendrick (1942), Bibring (1943), Fenichel (1957), Max Schur (1966), Green (2002).
I am now introducing another possibility: that repetition compulsion, represents a form of defense that uses regression –similar to how psychosis works- to early traumatic fixations, which could be prompted by the unconscious need to use childhood defenses, because they were structured using magic and omnipotent constructs, and felt unconsciously by the adult’s ego, to be much more protective! There are other mechanisms that can also compels compulsive repetition, like ‘vengeful hope’ and ‘self-envy’. Clinical material will be presented.
Participants will be able to learn about:
- The significance of ‘pre-conceptual’ traumas in the consolidation of all forms of psychopathology as well as providing the specific profile of repetition compulsion.
- How magic and omnipotent defence mechanisms used in childhood continued to be used in adulthood in the traumatized state. Clinical material will be used in order to follow this concept.
- ‘Vengeful hope’ and ‘self-envy’, which are very significant in the configuration of ‘repetition compulsion’, will be described using clinical material.
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